Common Legal words and Phrases

Commonly Used Phrases

Affirmative Defense: A defendant’s assertion raising new facts and arguments that, if true, will defeat the plaintiff’s claim, even if all of the plaintiff’s allegations are true.

Adjuster: The insurance company representative assigned to handle a claim.

Answer: The first pleading or document filed with the Court by the defendant after being served with the Petition. Defendant must admit or deny each allegation contained in the Petition and must set forth all affirmative defenses.

Comparative Fault: This is the legal principal that allows for the reduction of a plaintiff’s recovery proportionally to his or her fault with respect to the events that led to the Plaintiffs injuries and damages.

  • Liability theories in accident claims

Damages: Monetary compensation for loss or injury to a person or property. This includes: Past and future medical expenses, past and future lost income, past and future pain and suffering, past and future loss of function, permanent disfigurement or scarring, funeral expenses, and property damage.

Demand: Formal request to settle a claim for a specified dollar amount.

Defendant: Party being sued or otherwise alleged to be legally responsible for some amount of damage.

Depositions: A deposition is testimony taken under oath before the trial and preserved in writing. If admitted into evidence at the trial the jury is permitted to consider that testimony as if it had been given in court.

Fault: Legal responsibility for an act or omission. Can be one or more parties including the Defendant(s) or Plaintiff(s). Can be intentional, through negligent acts or omissions, or implied by law such as in the case of dog bites.

Interrogatory: An interrogatory is a written question asked by one party of another, which must be answered under oath in writing. If admitted as evidence in the trial, the jury is permitted to consider interrogatories and the answers to them as if the questions had been asked and answered in court.

Liability: Being legally obligated or responsible.

  • Theories of liability

Limits: This is the amount of moneys that is available to be paid out for any given accident or collision. There are often limits for each individual injured party as well as a total cap for all injured parties in one accident. The given limits in a case can have a significant impact on how claims are made, cases are litigated, and when payments are made in a given situation.

Litigation related costs: Those costs which are made necessary by the insurance claim and civil litigation process. They include among other things: costs of obtaining medical records and bills, expert witness fees, consultation fees, discovery related expenses such as depositions and document production, filing fees, process service fees.

Party: An individual, company or other legal entity that is either a plaintiff or defendant in a lawsuit.

Petition: A formal written request presented to a court. This is a lawsuits first pleading or document filed with the Court.

Personal Injury: The term used to describe injury to the human body. This can be in the form of an actual physical injury such as a concussion, spinal chord injury, or broken bones. It can also be an injury to a personal right such as right to privacy, mental suffering or emotional distress. It is the broad category of injury that encompasses every type of injury to a human being.

Plaintiff: Party bringing the action or filing the lawsuit or seeking compensation for alleged damages.

Release: Written document relieving the opposing party from responsibility for an event. It serves to give up a right or claim against the other person for damages resulting from the injury causing event.

Request for Admissions: A request for admissions is a written request to the opposing party requesting that they admit the truth of certain matters of fact. At trial, the jury is required to regard as being conclusively proved all such matters of fact which were expressly admitted pursuant to a request for admission.

Statute of Limitations: Also called statute of repose. This is the law setting out a time limit for suing or prosecuting a claim based upon the date when the claim accrues.

Subrogation: The right of one insurance company to be reimbursed by the insurance company of the party determined to be at fault for moneys paid out initially on their policy.

The Spokane, Washington Law Firm of Robert Hahn is one of the leading firms in the area of Personal Injury Law. Our personal Injury clients have the peace of mind in knowing that their case is being handled by an experienced Plaintiffs injury attorney. Our aggressive representation and extensive experience has earned the firm of Robert C. Hahn, III, a stellar reputation for excellence in the representation of injured people.  Robert Hahn’s goal is to provide excellent service by a highly experienced lawyer and legal professionals at an affordable fee.

After helping hundreds of injured people ranging from complex litigation to simple settlement of claims in Spokane and surrounding areas, Spokane Attorney Robert Hahn has the background to explain your alternatives and suggest a solution to your injury difficulties.If you are considering hiring a personal injury attorney, make sure that the attorneys you are considering practice in personal injury law because you need a law firm that deals with these issues on a daily basis.

Our attorneys represent clients in Western Washington, Spokane, Washington and other Eastern Washington communities, including Cheney, Clarkston, Colfax, Colville, Davenport, Ephrata, Moses Lake, Newport, Odessa, Pullman, Ritzville, Republic, Ione, Chewelah, Newport, Metaline Falls Wenatchee, Seattle, Spokane, Yakima and Walla Walla. Our attorneys also represent clients in North Idaho, including Bonners Ferry, Coeur d Alene, Hayden, Lewiston, Moscow, Post Falls, Sandpoint, Wallace, Priest River, Plummer, St. Maries and Potlatch. Our lawyers work in all Spokane County, and surrounding Spokane areas, including Downtown Spokane, North Spokane, South Spokane, East Spokane and West Spokane court systems. Our laywers practice in the Spokane Superior Court, Spokane District Court, Spokane Municipal Court, and the Spokane Valley Municipal Court systems.

For those in need of an injury attorney in Spokane, Robert Hahn represents clients for personal injury, spinal injury, traumatic brain injury, whiplash injury, wrongful death, soft tissue injury, workplace injury, construction injury, injuries to children, serious catastrophic injuries, burn injuries, dog bite injury, animal injuries. Many accidents cause undiagnosed long term permanent damages like, ear injuries, eye injuries, head injury, ankle injury, foot injury, leg injury, hip injury, shoulder injuries, arm injury, elbow injuries, knee injury, fractured pelvis injury, fractures hip injury, broken hip injury, paraplegia, paralysis, burst fracture, herniated disc injury, back injury, spinal fusion, laminectomy injury, head injury, skull fracture, concussions injury. If you are in the need a lawyer in Spokane for a permanent injury, playground injuries, daycare injuries, nursing home injury or abuse, medical malpractice, negligence, insurance claims or insurance disputes contact a lawyer at our Spokane law firm by using the contact us button above. Spokane attorney Robert Hahn represents clients injured in an auto accident, truck accident, construction accident, pedestrian accident, fatal accident, accident caused by cell phone use, commercial truck accident, semi-truck accident, and 18-wheeler accidents. Our lawyers focus on rear-end car collisions, intersection car collision, t-bone car collision, motorcycle collision, drunk driving auto accident, teen car driving accident, boating accident, slip and fall accident, school bus accident, car or truck roll over accident, accident cause by a negligent driver, interstate accident, highway accident, multiple car accidents. If you are in need of a lawyer in Spokane for a side impact car collision, garbage truck accident, commercial bus accident, long haul truck collision, railroad crossing accidents, train accident, mining accident, lumber mill accident, logging accident, improperly marked crossing accident, design defect caused accidents, car malfunction, auto malfunction, motorcycle malfunction, single vehicle crash, multiple vehicle crash, driver error crash, employer negligence accident, third party liability claims, or insurance claims or insurance disputes, contact a lawyer at our Spokane law firm by using the contact us button above.